|Synonym||Melia composita willd|
|Botanical Name||Milia dubia cav|
Introduction to Milia
The origin of Milia or Hebbevu trees can be traced to the trees of Melia composita willd found in the forests of Karnataka & Tamilnadu. Other than the no any states of India. They are found in places that resemble the Western Ghats border. There is two different verities Miliya Dubia & Milia hazardica. Milia dubia is growing striate and les canopies. It is a so soft wood, growing fast Garth will be become fast. Milia Hazardica is wild verity outer skin or bark hard look like wild tree, canopies are not standard and not soft this tree no any commercial value because the wood is so hard, part of the wood peas is damaging with short length.
History of Milia
The Milia Dubia cav is known tree but when the plenty of availability voluble wood like Teek wood, Rose Wood, or others for furnisher and contraction sector.
Uses of MIlia
The Milia Dubia cav its uses for mainly plywood industry. Because of wood is so strong , more durability, less weight , more feasible shits possible to make this wood. Mainly uses this sheets in interior decoration & kitchen decoration.
Markets for Milia
The Milia Dubia cav as a high value commercial crop has been commercially cultivated in South & North India past year 2000 earlier the plenty of source available in different wood Like Palvana & silver wood. Now in market value per ton is 8000 INR is minimum price. Quality parameter to harvest is 1.5 miters Garth above 25 ft high is preferable. For this growth take to develop minimum 6 years after plantain maximum 8 years required depend upon climatic condition & care of the tree.
Ideal Climate & soil
The Milia Dubia cav plants grow well in places that enjoy low humidity, receive an annual rainfall from 125 – 750 cm and are 400 – 1,200 meters above sea level. Soil red & black soil both are preferable only one soil drat like white & soil is not preferable for this tree . Though Milia Dubia cav can be grown in a variety of soils, forest soil that is rich in organic content is ideal for its growth. If irrigated less Milia can grow even in dry lands.
Choice of breed
Production high quality Milia is a key factor to get good income from the Milia tree. As there are two qualities in the Milia and price varies from few rupes to thousands rupees for an ton of Milia timber selection of good & traceable verity is the very important factor.Milia plant belongs to Milia genus which has2 spices as Milia Dubila & Milia Hazardica Each verity has different characteristic and produce different quality wood. Commercial cultivation is not profitable in wild verities like Milia Hazardica as some verities just grow as any jungle tree and will not produce valuable wood preferable in market its just fire wood.
For development of seedlings in a well developed good Milia plantation tree which is harvested at early stages and produced good quality wood is selected. This mother tree should has following characteristics.
- Tree should be of pure origin Milia dubila CAV
- Fast growing and larger volume of heart wood
- Small size and tree should come to harvest with in 6 to 8 years
- Seed after planting in nursery minimum to plant in pitch after 90 to 100 days
- Less than 1 ft plants is preferable to plants.
Since Hebbevu (Milia Dubia Cav) is a tall sized tree, it can be grown either as the main, or border crop.
Mono crop:As the main or monocarp, about 600 – 640 Milia seedlings can be planted in an acre of land, with a distance of 8’x8’ between them. In such a scenario, after about 6 years, about 60% of the total number of trees can be harvested to earn the planter a income. Also, the remaining 40% of trees can be allowed to mature for another 1 to 2 years before they are harvested to bring in more revenue. Forests, dry lands or water draining fields are ideal for Milia cultivation.
As a border crop:Milia can be grown as a border crop in the existing areca nut, Coconut, etc., estates or in khushki fields. A distance of 6 feet has to be maintained between any twoMilia plants. If, for some reason, it has not been possible to grow Milia either as the main or inter-crop, then it can be grown as the border crop. At times, border crops are beneficial in a number of ways.
Hebbevu plants can be planted any where there is sufficient space is available. If intercropped, with its thin leaves, Milia plants filter sunlight, giving inter planted crops amount of sunlight they actually need. Moreover, like many other wild plants, the roots of Milia trees too are not harmful to any other commercial crops.
Suitable season:If irrigation facilities are available, any season is suitable for the cultivation of Milia . However, it is best to avoid seasons that bring in heavy rains and are extremely cold and in the very hot months of summer.
Suitable pits:Pits for the plantation of Milia seedlings should be 50-50-50 (1.5ft X 1.5 Ft x 1.5 Ft ) in length, breadth and depth. In case the plantation is in the forest or khushki land, top soil measuring about 3’ from around the pit should be filled in the pit and then planted. In case the plantation is proposed in dry land or soil that is devoid of any organic content, it is best to mix some powder compost or cow manure with the soil before planting the saplings. The ground level should be raised by heaping soil in the plantation area to ensure that water doesn’t get retained during monsoons. Providing sticks for the support of saplings is also advisable.
Care of saplings:In the first year of plantation, the saplings should be protected against the extreme heat of sun by providing adequate shelter. The plantation area should be deweeded. During the deweeding process, identification sticks should be used to ensure the safety of saplings. Once or twice a year, it is recommended to loosen the soil around the saplings by digging or by any other method so that the plant grows well and will also remain weed-free. Saplings should be guarded against animal attacks for the first two years.
Irrigation:Milia plants do not require any special irrigational facilities when the plant grows big. However if it is irrigated growth will be good. But first year irrigation is must in dry areas and if planted late after the rainy season. In case the plantation is in dry or infertile land, saplings need to be watered thrice a month depending on requirement as in the other crops. In cool places when its border crop irrigation is not required. After planting up to 45 days in one day 8 to 10 liters required by drip irrigation .after 45 days when root is established each 15 days once 2 H water irrigation up to six month after 6 months monthly once, except rainy season.
Use of manure:Hebbevu is a plant that grows fast naturally. If cultivated in forest land or in soil rich in organic content, then there is no need for the use of manure. Otherwise, the use of chemical fertilizers is in practice, especially while cultivating Miliaas a commercial crop. When the plants step into their second year, chemical fertilizer (N.P. K) is administered to them in the ratio of 10:10:4.
The fertilizer meant for that particular year should be administered in two installments. After five years, the level of nitrogen should be slightly increased and given during the months of May-June and September to ensure the good growth of wood.
|2nd Year (for 1 plant)||3rd Year (for 1 plant)||4th Year (for 1 plant)|
|Nitrogen 10 gm||Nitrogen 20 gm||Nitrogen 40 gm|
|Phosphorus 10 gm||Phosphorus 20 gm||Phosphorus 40 gm|
|Potash 4 gm||Potash 8 gm||Potash 20 gm|
Pruning:In Milia mainly we fallow the cultivation practice if side canopy or branch pruning properly in time minimum yearly 3 times . using fixed ladder by tractor engine two side. Labors go to the top of the tree is dangerous, because its soft wood , this method is useful helps to cut the branches.
Pests & diseases
Pest:Milia sile attacks in plants is when plants was small . sile is eating th or possible to damage tender leafs . However this sile that eats up the leaves of the plant is not very harmful. Though pesticides can be used to control the pest. Moreover, this pest attack is for a short period only and is also not very harmful.
If the land has problem of root eating worms, Termites or Nematodes adding about 250 gm of neem manure or 10 gm Furadan or Furate pesticide crystals to the pits before the saplings are planted ensures that the roots remain free from the attacks of pests
Disease:Till date, no disease has ever been found in Milia plants. Only thing we have fallow over flow of water is fladed by long time is damages the tree root . carried out by This means that the plants are free from any kind of disease.
The production of Milia is not uniformed some trees are ready to harvest with in 6th year , but maximum duration is 8th year . if planter interested to grow more it will become more value. For getting good market tree its grow minimum 25ft height & 1.5 motors ( apprx 60 inch ) Garth . Its consider valuable tree , current value is per ton 8000 INR total per tree is 12000 INR.
As per wish PARISHRAMA PLANTATION always with planter from the beginning of planting until harvest and materialization.